How Gurukul Education System is Different from Modern Education System?

Gurukul and Modern Education System


Today, we will search difference between Gurukul and Modern  Education System. Here we may touch the following topics - 
changing in education system

Since ancient times, education has been given an important place in our country. The Gurukul tradition is the oldest system in our India. Gurukulam has existed since the Vedic era. Let us study through this article what is the Gurukul tradition, how was education done before and how is the modern education of today's era different from Gurukul system.

The development and progress of the country can only happen when the education system is right. Education is an important tool to succeed in life and to do something different. The difficult challenges of life can be reduced through this. The knowledge acquired during the education period assures each person about his life.

How Gurukul Education System is Different from Modern Education System?
How Gurukul Education System is Different from Modern Education System?

Since ancient times, education has been given an important place in our country. The Gurukul tradition is the oldest system in our India. Gurukulam has existed since the Vedic era. In ancient times, education was given only through Gurukul education system. India was called the World Guru only because of this method.

Now this tradition is ceasing to exist. Let us study through this article that what is the Gurukul tradition, how was education done before and how is the modern education of today's era different from Gurukul system.

What is the Gurukul tradition?


Gurukul means the place or region where the family of the Guru means the family resides. In ancient times, the teacher was considered to be the Guru or Acharya and the students doing education there were considered to be his family.

Acharya used to teach in Gurukul. To enter the Gurukul, it was compulsory to be eight years old and till the age of twenty five people lived here, were educated and followed celibacy.

Students gather in Gurukul and learn Vedas from their guru. Regardless of social standards, every student was treated equally. The main objective of the Gurukul was to develop knowledge and focus heavily on education.

Here the education of theology was also taught from the study of theology. There is no doubt that Gurukul is considered as an integral part for yoga practice and Yagya. Here every student learns all kinds of work and only after completion of education, he used to choose his work on the basis of interest and quality.


It is written in the Upanishads that -
MATRU DEVO BHAVAH!
PITRU DEVO BHAVAH!
AACHARYA DEVO BHAVAH!
ATITHI DEVO BHAVAH!

That is, mother, father, guru and guest - these are the four gods in the world, they should be served.
Among them also, mother's place is first, father's second, guru's third and guest's fourth.

The same facilities were given to everyone in Gurukul. It has been said in SMRUTIS that everyone should send their boys and girls to the Gurukul, do not deprive anyone of education and do not keep them at home.

Gurukul was very active about equal education of women and men. Example: In Uttararamacharit, there is a mention of a woman named Atreyi studying with Love-Kush in Valmiki's ashram. This shows that co-education has been in India since ancient times. The Puranas also narrate the stories of Kahod and Sujata, Rahu and Pramdwara. It is known from these that girls were studying with children and they were married when they were young.

Later, the boys and girls had separate gurukuls, just as boys were taught, in the same way girls were also given education, education of scripture and weapons and knowledge of Vedas.

To propound the importance of Guru it has been said that -

GURU BRAHMA, GURU VISHNU, GURU DEVO MAHESHWARAH |
GURU SAKSHAT PRABRAMHA, TASME SHREE GURUVE NAMAH |

That is, Guru is Brahma, Guru is Vishnu and Guru is Lord Shankar. Guru is the only PADABRAMHA. I bow to such a guru.

The system of gurukul tradition tells us how excellent was the system of education system in the country, in which there was no difference between the poor and the common man.


On completion of education, Guru used to take disciple examination. The disciples would initiate according to their ability, but the poor students were freed from it and after completing the Samvartan rituals, it was sent to their family.

Purpose of Gurukul education system


In ancient India, education was imparted only through Gurukul. This method is also called the Guru-Shishya tradition. meant to be:

  • Discretion and self-restraint
  • Improvement in character
  • Friendship or social awareness
  • Basic personality and intellectual development
  • The spread of virtue
  • spiritual growth
  • Protection of knowledge and culture

How students were divided in Gurukul



Students were divided into three categories:


1. Vasu - Those who get education till the age of 24 years.

2. Rudra - Those who get education till the age of 36 years.

3. Aditya - Those who get education till the age of 48 years.


Properties of gurukula system


1. Gurus had vast knowledge and they knew how to direct things i.e. how to teach.
2. This tradition used to take as much time as required and due to this, students used to come out in a subtle form.
3. Students used to achieve a particular style and high level of proficiency.
4. Students respected the Guru and were taught to follow discipline.
5. Most teaching was practical and this style of education had many advantages.
6. The student was given such an environment that the person would become a successful person with the work of his choice.

But in the Gurukul education system, the student does not get much exposure because he stays under the training of the same teacher, there was no day and age designated for the course. With the shelter life in Gurukul, much information about the outside world is not available.

Modern education system


The modern education system has evolved over time and is influenced by the Western system. It has been affected by changes and advances in technology. This education system includes ebooks, video lectures, video charts, 3-D imagery etc. techniques. 

There is no doubt that the modern education system has evolved to include technological development. Through these techniques, students are able to sit at home and understand knowledge in a better way, which increases memory. Teaching methods are constantly being upgraded according to advanced research and development.

The only drawback of this education system is that it emphasizes the theoretical part rather than the practical part. When it comes to retention, understanding and opportunities, no one can deny that modern education is more effective. Also, this education system should be made available to everyone so that everyone can use it according to their interest.


Therefore, there is no doubt that there is a need to integrate both education systems. We need to understand the Gurukul, how it works, what the society looked like in the past and how the purpose of Gurukul training can be fulfilled in the present. It is not just to know the past. 

Coordination of both education systems is mandatory. We cannot forget that Gurukul system was the only education system of that time. Through this system, students were taught the necessary aspects for a cultured and disciplined life along with education. The students lived together under the Gurukul roof and there was a good humanity, love and discipline. Here, students are taught good habits of respecting elders, mothers, fathers and teachers.

The Gurukul education system of ancient times cannot be forgotten where culture, culture and etiquette and civilization are taught.

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